Vedic Cosmology

http://www.iskcon-truth.com/bhu-mandala/jambudvipa-varshas.html

Rahugana

See Jada Bharata.

Marichi

Mind-born son of Brahma, married to Dharmavrata.

Marichi came back tired from the forest and asked Dharmavrata to wash his feet. When Brahma appeared she stopped washing and greeted him. Marichi got angry and cursed her to become a stone. Dharmavrata prayed to Vishnu, but even He could not undo the curse. But He moved into the stone and made it a sacred stone. It was this stone that was placed on Gaya’s body.

Other women are Kala, daughter of Kardama and Sambhuti, daughter of Daksha.

Bindu Sarovar

The pond (sarovar) of drops (bindu) – emerged from Vishnu’s tears of joy over Kardama’s meditation.

Kapila and Devahuti had their hermitage here.

Uddhava Gita

A discours by Krishna to His friend Uddhava. Uddhava Gita is also called Hamsa Gita.

Read Uddhava Gita here
https://www.gita-society.com/wp-content/uploads/PDF/THEUDDHAVAGITA.IGS.pdf

Upapataka

A miner offense, not specified.

Major offenses are five in number
Killing a brahmin, a child, a pregnant woman.
Drinking intoxicating beverages.
To steal.
A relationship with the Guru’s wife.
To be together with someone who has committed a great crime.

Mahapataka

A major offense, five are specified. The small offense is Upapataka.

Killing a brahmin, a child, a pregnant woman.
Drinking intoxicating beverages.
To steal.
A relationship with the Guru’s wife.
To be together with someone who has committed a great crime.

Harana

The kidnapping of women and brides pervades mythology.

Bhishma kidnapped Amba, Ambika and Ambalika.
Krishna kidnapped Rukmini.
Arjuna abducted Subhadra.
Jayadratha tried to kidnap Draupadi.
Viradha and Ravana kidnapped Sita.

Khatvanga

A king willing to help the Gods destroy demons. They made him their general and he won victory. They then granted him a favor. He demanded liberation from the cycle of birth and death. The Gods had to admit that they were unable to do so and asked for another wish. Khatvanga wanted to know the time of his death. He learned that he was going to die in a moment. He wanted to be brought to earth immediately to meditate on Krishna. Within that moment he experienced liberation.

Jata

A demon who kidnapped the Pandavas Yudhishthira, Nakula, Sahadeva and Draupadi while in exile. Bhima killed him.