Bindu Sarovar

The pond (sarovar) of drops (bindu) – emerged from Vishnu’s tears of joy over Kardama’s meditation.

Kapila and Devahuti had their hermitage here.


The son of Agnidhara, Nabhi, was married with Merudevi. They prayed to Vishnu for a child. He was born as their son. His name was Rishabha.

Rishabha had hundred sons, the firstborn was Bharata, who became king. The ancient name of India is Bharata.

Read the story of Nabhi, Rishabha, Bharata here


Bhakti is devotion to God or a personal Deity. The devotee is the Bhakta.

Mostly Bhakti is connected with Krishna.

See also Navadha Bhakti and Virodha Bhakti.

Bhasha Traya

Three kinds (traya) of languages (bhasha) in which the Puranas are written – Samadhi, Darshana, Guhya.

Samadhi Bhasha – something is written as it is.

Darshana Bhasha – something is written as it appears (may not be actually as it is), and VedaVyasa wrote as it appeared to whoever was watching it (not necessarily Vyasa’s point of view always)

Guhya Bhasha – something totally different is written whereas the meaning is entirely different.

Read more about here

Betel Leaf

Every God resides on the different parts of the betel leaf.

Read about the betel leaf here


Dramatist, writer of 13 plays, the so called Trivandrum Plays.

Based on
Ramayana – Pratimanataka, Abhishekanataka.
Mahabharata – Dutavakya, Karnabharam, Dutaghatotkacha, Urubhanga, Madhyamavyayoga, Pancharatra.
Harivamsha – Balcarita.

Udayankatha, stories about Udayan – Pratigyayogandharayana, Swapnavasavadatta.
Folk-tales – Avimaraka, Charudatta.

Read about Bhasa

Seven of his works – Dutavakya, Dutaghatotkacha, Karnabharam, Urubhanga, Avimaraka, Balcarita, Abhishekanataka


Pancharatra – The English translation of the plot starts at page 67


King of Ayodhya, father of Kubalashva who killed the demon Dhundhu, son of Madhu.

King Brihadashva of Ayodhya handed the kingdom over to his son Kubalashva and retired to the forest. One day, sage Uttanka came to see him and told him about Dhundhu, who lived hidden in the sand. Brihadashva advised Uttanka to turn to Kubalashva, he would kill the demon.

Kubalashva killed the demon along with his hundred sons, only three survived – Dridhashva, Chandrashva, Kapilashva.

As the destroyer of Dhundhu, Kubalashva is called Dhundhumara.

His son Dridhashva succeeded him to the throne.


The demon (asura) Bhasma (ashes) had gained the favor of Shiva that everyone he touched with his index finger would burn to ashes.

Bhasmasura, who had an eye on Parvati, wanted to try this right away by touching Shiva. Shiva fled, Bhasmasura pursued him. Shiva hid with Vishnu, who took the form of a woman, Mohini.

When Bhasmasura appeared, he was immediately in love and proposed marriage to her. Since she liked to dance, she demanded that he is able to dance exactly her dance movements. He agreed.

When Mohini danced a pose in which her index finger was placed on her head and Bhasmasura imitated it, he was burned to ashes.

Butter Thief

Krishna is called a Butter Thief, Makhancor, also called Damodara.

He is shown sitting in front of a butter churn, nibbling butter. He stole butter from his mother and from other residents of Vrindavan.

There is much speculation about the symbolism. From the bhakti point of view butter could be the heart, melting for Krishna.


Bhasma is ashes, sacred to Shiva devotees. It symbolizes the transience that Shiva, as the dissolving principle, represents.

In the religious sense, it is called Vibhuti, perfumed ashes obtained from cow dung, that the devotee receives from the priest.