Charvaka

A demon who appeared in disguise of a brahmin at Yudhishthira’s royal ordination and accused him of having obtained his kingdom through the death of relatives and teachers. Charvaka was a friend of Duryodhana and was burned to ashes by those performing the ordination.

Charvaka

A demon who appeared in disguise of a brahmin at Yudhishthira’s royal consecration and accused him of having obtained his kingdom through the death of relatives and teachers. Charvaka was a friend of Duryodhana and was burned to ashes by those performing the consecration.

Chanakya

Author of Arthashastra, a treatise on ideal governance. He is also called Kautilya.

Read more here
https://www.thehinduportal.com/2015/09/chanakya-great-visionary-translated.html
https://www.thehinduportal.com/2016/08/chanakya-neeti-and-6-principles-of.html
http://dharmarajya.swarnayug.org/uploads/1/2/1/8/12185983/arthashastra_of_chanakya.pdf

Catustayam

Four diplomatic techniques to solve problems.

Saama – pacifying
Daana – compensation, bribery
Bheda – dividing, sowing discord
Danda – punishment

Read about Catustayam here
https://sanskritdictionary.org/catustayam
https://www.thehinduportal.com/2019/07/sama-daana-danda-and-bheda.html

Caste

For what we call caste today, varna, colour, is used in ancient scriptures.

The four varnas are:
Brahmana – Clergy, Intellectuals – the cleric power. The head thinks.
Kshatriya – Regents, Warriors – the mundane power. The arms protect.
Vaishya – Farmers, Merchants. The thighs bear.
Shudra – Workers. The feed support.

In the myths the king and his adviser, a sage, appear. Together they govern the empire.

In heaven the same duo rules – Brihaspati, the Brahmana, advisor to the Gods, and Indra, the Kshatriya, the king of the Gods.

Read about the cast system here
http://utkarshspeak.blogspot.com/2012/07/caste-system.html

Chitravahana

A king, father of Chitrangada. Arjuna had a son with her, Babruvahana.

Read about Arjuna
http://hindumythologyforgennext.blogspot.com/2014/06/the-birth-of-mighty-warrior-prelude.html

Chandrahasa

Ravana’s sword.

Chakva and Chakvi

Love birds – two ducks who, when the sun has gone down, feel separated from each other and just wait for sunrise all night.

Circle of a year

Samvatsara – the year. Lunar year (Chandramana) und Solar year (Sauramana).
Ayana – half the year.
Masa – the month.
Paksha – the two phases of the moon.
Ritu – the season.

Ayana
The course of the sun to north (Uttarayana) and south (Dakshinayana).

Ritu/Masa
Shishira – Early spring, Magha, Phalguna – January/February, February/March.
Vasanta – Spring, Chaitra, Vaishaka – March/April, April/May.
Grishma – Summer, Jyeshtha, Ashadha – May/June, June/July.
Varsha – Rainy season, Shravana, Bhadrapada – July/August, August/September.
Sharada – Autumn, Ashvina, Karttika – September/October, October/November.
Hemanta – Winter, Margashirsa, Pausha – November/December, December/January.

Paksha
With Amavasya (new moon) Shuklapaksha, the bright, waxing phase of the moon begins.
With Purnima (full moon) Krishnapaksha, the dark, waning phase of the moon begins.
The cycle is Amavasya – Shuklapaksha – Purnima – Krishnapaksha.

Chhayapatha

The milky way.

Akashaganga is the mythological name.

Akasha is the element ether, the heavenly space. Ganga flowed through it when she came down to earth.