Mind-born son of Brahma, married to Dharmavrata.

Marichi came back tired from the forest and asked Dharmavrata to wash his feet. When Brahma appeared she stopped washing and greeted him. Marichi got angry and cursed her to become a stone. Dharmavrata prayed to Vishnu, but even He could not undo the curse. But He moved into the stone and made it a sacred stone. It was this stone that was placed on Gaya’s body.

Other women are Kala, daughter of Kardama and Sambhuti, daughter of Daksha.


A major offense, five are specified. The small offense is Upapataka.

Killing a brahmin, a child, a pregnant woman.
Drinking intoxicating beverages.
To steal.
A relationship with the Guru’s wife.
To be together with someone who has committed a great crime.


The Goddess of smallpox in South India. In Nord India she is called Shitala.

Read about Mariamman here

Mahabharata vs. Ramayana

Comparison of the two epics.


See Kalidasa.

Mainaka Mountain

A mountain that emerged from the sea when Hanuman jumped from India to Lanka to support him if he couldn’t make the jump in one go.

Read the story here

Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya

A work of Madhva, consisting of Ramayana, Bhagavatam and Mahabharata in 32 chapters.

Read Mahabharata Tatparya Nirnaya here


A son of Hanuman.

Read about Makaradhwaj here

Makara Sankranti

Makara Sankranti is celebrated when the Sun moves northwards after the Winter Solstice.

Read about Makara Sankranti


Indra’s troops (ganas), storm deities, also called Maruts.

Diti asked Kashyapa for a son who could destroy Indra. Indra went into Diti’s womb, and divided the fetus into 49 parts. The parts screamed, Indra shouted: ‚Ma ruda‘ – don’t scream. When they were born he called them Maruts. In this context Indra is known as Gotrabhit ‚one who kills someone from his lineage (gotra)‘.

Read about the Maruts here